How to measure and analyse the texture of food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and adhesives.

Tuesday, 4 September 2018

Plasticity Measurement of Soft Solid Foods

Spreading butter on crumpetPlasticity is a property shown by many materials, such as polymers, metals and the majority of foods. It is the ability of a material to undergo permanent deformation. 

If you press your finger on a spring, it returns to its original shape. If you made that spring out of cheese, it would not spring back as far – it would remain squashed. When stretching a sample, plasticity is seen on the force-distance graph as a change in gradient after the initial linear section (straight line). The point where the gradient changes is known as the ‘yield force’. If this point is reached and more force is applied, the sample will be permanently changed. Before this point, the behaviour is elastic and spring-like.